Seminars & Colloquia
CISST ERC, Johns Hopkins University
"Medical Robotics & Computer Integrated Surgery"
Monday April 07, 2008 04:00 PM
Location: 3211, EB-2 NCSU Centennial Campus
(Visitor parking instructions)
This talk is part of the Triangle Computer Science Distinguished Lecturer Series
The impact of Computer-Integrated Surgery (CIS) on medicine in the next 20 years will be as great as that of Computer-Integrated Manufacturing on industrial production over the past 20 years. A novel partnership between human surgeons and machines, made possible by advances in computing and engineering technology, will overcome many of the limitations of traditional surgery. By extending human surgeons’ ability to plan and carry out surgical interventions more accurately and less invasively, CIS systems will address a vital national need to greatly reduce costs, improve clinical outcomes, and improve the efficiency of health care delivery. As CIS systems evolve, we expect to see the emergence of two dominant and complementary paradigms: Surgical CAD/CAM systems will integrate accurate patient-specific models, surgical plan optimization, and a variety of execution environments permitting the plans to be carried out accurately, safely, and with minimal invasiveness. Surgical Assistant systems will work cooperatively with human surgeons in carrying out precise and minimally invasive surgical procedures. Over time, these will merge into a broader family of systems that couple information to action in interventional medicine.
CIS research inherently involves three synergistic areas: a) modeling and analysis of patients & surgical procedures in order to support more effective planning, execution assistance, and follow-up of surgical procedures; b) interface technology, including robots & sensors, connecting the “virtual reality” of computer models and surgical plans to the “actual reality” of the operating room, patients, and surgeons; and c) systems science to develop improved techniques for ensuring the safety and reliability of systems, for characterizing expected performance in the presence of uncertainty, for analysis of how subsystems and components will interact, and for system performance validation.
This talk will explore these themes, with examples drawn from our own research and elsewhere. See also http://www.cs.unc.edu/Events/DistLectures/TalkAbstract_Taylor.pdf for an extended abstract.
Russell H. Taylor received a B.E.S. degree from The Johns Hopkins University in 1970 and a Ph.D. in Computer Science from Stanford in 1976. He joined IBM Research in 1976, where he developed the AML robot language. Following a two year assignment in Boca Raton, he managed robotics and automation technology research activities at IBM Research from 1982 until returning to full time technical work in late 1988. From March 1990 to September 1995, he was manager of Computer Assisted Surgery. In September 1995, Dr. Taylor moved to Johns Hopkins University as a Professor of Computer Science. He is currently a Professor of Computer Science, with joint appointments in Radiology and Mechanical Engineering and is Director of the NSF Engineering Research Center for Computer-Integrated Surgical Systems and Technology at Johns Hopkins. His research interests include robot systems, programming languages, model-based planning, and (most recently) the use of imaging, model-based planning, and robotic systems to augment human performance in surgical procedures. He is Editor Emeritus of the IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, a Fellow of the IEEE, and a member of various honorary societies, panels, editorial boards, and program committees.
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Host: Ming Lin, Computer Science, UNC
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