2003_04-10-27_post.html ** Department of Computer Science Colloquia -- Announcement

NC State University

Department of Computer Science Colloquia 2003-2004

A telecast to Duke U. and UNC as part of
Triangle Computer Science Distinguished Lecturer Series

Date:   Monday, October 27, 2003
Time:   4:00 (Talk), Telecast from Duke U.
Place:   313 EGRC, NCSU Centennial Campus (click for courtesy parking request)

Speaker:   Pavel A. Pevzner , University of California at San Diego

Transforming Men into Mice: Lessons from Human and Mouse Genomic Sequences

Abstract:   Despite some differences in appearance and habits, men and mice are genetically very similar. In a pioneering paper, Nadeau and Taylor (1984), estimated that surprisingly few genomic rearrangements (about 200) have happened since the divergence of human and mouse 75 million years ago.

The genomic sequences of human and mouse provide evidence for a larger number of rearrangements than previously thought and shed some light on previously unknown features of mammalian evolution. In particular, they provide evidence for extensive re-use of breakpoints from the same relatively short regions and reveals a great variability in the rate of micro-rearrangements along the genome. Our analysis also implies the existence of a large number of very short ``hidden'' synteny blocks that were invisible in comparative mapping data and were ignored in previous studies of chromosome evolution. These results provide evidence against the widely accepted Nadeau-Taylor model and suggest a new model of chromosome evolution that postulates that breakpoints are chosen from relatively short fragile regions that have much higher propensity for rearrangements than the rest of the genome.

Short Bio:   Please, see the home page.

Host:   Franc Brglez, Computer Science, NCSU

Colloquia Home Page.